In the process of surrogacy, a woman’s uterus is required for implanting and accepting the embryo so that a baby may be delivered for a couple or another person. The female who will carry this embryo is referred to as a surrogate.
In surrogacy, in vitro fertilization or IVF is used to implant the fertilized egg into surrogate female’s uterus.
In surrogacy, there are two types: traditional and gestational. The differences between the two are explained in further detail below:
The surrogate donates the egg and carries the embryo in her uterus. The surrogate is impregnated through intrauterine insemination (IUI). In the IUI procedure, the physician will take sperm from the biological father and transfer it into the surrogate mother’s uterus. This encourages fertilization to occur naturally.
In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate mother is also the child’s biological mother. Couples pursue this form of surrogacy when the biological mother’s egg or if the biological father’s sperm cannot be used.
In this form, the surrogate mother’s eggs are not utilized. Instead, the embryo contains the genetic information of both the biological mother and father. In the process of in vitro fertilization the sperm and egg from the biological parents are fertilized in a petri dish and transferred into the uterus of the surrogate mother. The fertilization procedure takes three to five days to complete before it is transferred to the surrogate’s uterus. Once the embryo is transferred and it is successfully planted, the surrogate will carry it to term, until birth.
A Note about both Types of Surrogacy
Although the procedure for traditional and gestational surrogacy is different, both are safe procedures. Before starting on the path of surrogacy, the surrogate mother is thoroughly screened to determine the overall status of her health.
If you opt for gestational surrogacy, the surrogate must take medications to assist in the development and release of numerous eggs to be used in fertilization. Once the embryo is implanted into the surrogate’s uterus, she will carry it to term.
In both gestational and traditional surrogacy, after the baby is born, he or she will go home with their biological parents.
To learn more about surrogacy, please contact Rite Options.